The Society for the History of Technology was formed in 1958 to encourage the study of the development of technology and its relations with society and culture. An interdisciplinary organization, SHOT is concerned not only with the history of technological devices and processes but also with technology in history—that is, the relationship of technology to politics, economics, science, the arts, and the organization of production, and with the role it plays in the differentiation of individuals in society. Not least, it is concerned with interpretive flexibility, the conception that beliefs about whether a technology "works" are contingent on the expectations, needs, and ideologies of those who interact with it.
The Inventing Europe Virtual Exhibit is a pioneering collaboration between leading historical researchers and cultural heritage institutions throughout Europe. In connection with the 6-part book series Making Europe currently being written at the Netherlands Institute for Advanced Study, the site will offer new insights into the way we think about Europe and its history. Its mission is to stimulate use of online cultural heritage and allow users to engage critically with the stories of technology in Europe.
The project is led by the Foundation for the History of Technology, in collaboration with Imperial College, London. A first prototype exhibition "Europe, Interrupted" is online at www.inventingeurope.eu.
LOS NIVELES DE VIDA EN ESPAÑA, SIGLOS XIX-XX: INDICADORES BIOLÓGICOS Y ALIMENTACIÓN
(STANDARD OF LIVING, HEALTH AND FOOD: SPAIN, 19TH-20TH CENTURIES)
An organization, which is aiming to encourage research lines which place the improvement of the standard of living of the population as the main objective of the Social Sciences; see economic growth as one of the instruments at the disposal of the society to reach that very objective, unequally effectiveness in time and take the biological and material conditions of life and the economic, institutional, scientific and environmental circumstances which have determined its evolution, more especially as a reference. It promotes the devising of new indicators about the evolution of the standard of living of the population, and new instruments to assess its improvement or deterioration, in time and in space, using such methodologies as Land-time Budget Analysis, Multi-scale Integrated Analysis of Societal and Ecosystem Metabolism and Multicriteria Analysis It also makes it easier for researchers to access this information through and promote its participation in the development of this resource.